The Commonwealth Kentucky is state in the United States with Frankfort as the capital. Louisville is Kentucky’s largest metropolitan area.
Native American nomadic hunters were present in what is now Kentucky as early as 10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Shawnee, Iroquois, Delaware, and Chickasaw people used Kentucky as a hunting ground. In 1763 the French and Indian War was concluded by a treaty that gave Great Britain all the territory east of the Mississippi, including what is now Kentucky. Daniel Boone of North Carolina made his first trip into Kentucky in the winter of 1767 and 1768 to hunt and trap and also to find a route to the fertile Bluegrass region of central and northern Kentucky. In the spring of 1774 James Harrod, accompanied by a small group of settlers, established Harrodstown (now Harrodsburg), the first permanent white settlement in Kentucky. After the American Revolution (1775-1783), thousands of settlers from the East migrated to Kentucky. As the number of settlers grew, there were increased demands for separation from Virginia. From 1784 to 1790, nine conventions were held at Danville to resolve issues related to separation. Finally, at the ninth convention, the delegates voted to accept the terms of separation offered by Virginia and petitioned the Congress of the United States for statehood. At a final convention in 1792, a state constitution was drafted. On June 1, 1792, Kentucky entered the federal Union as the 15th state and the first west of the Appalachians. Isaac Shelby was elected as the state’s first governor. Lexington was briefly the seat of state government until, later that year, Frankfort was designated the permanent state capital. Though the then Kentucky’s governor Beriah Magoffin issued a proclamation declaring the state to be neutral in the American Civil War, because of the state’s strategic location, neither side fully respected Kentucky’s neutrality. Both the Union and the Confederacy claimed Kentucky as their state. Interestingly both the leaders of the Civil War (Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis) were born in Kentucky. Besides the opposing presidents Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis, Confederate Generals John Bell Hood and Albert Sidney Johnston had both been born in Kentucky. Kentucky was the only state represented in the cabinets of both the Union and Confederate governments: James Speed was the Union attorney general, and John Cabell Breckinridge was the Confederate secretary of war.
Introduction to Kentucky - Video
Largest city: Louisville
State Nickname: Bluegrass State
State bird: Cardinal
State flower: Goldenrod
State tree: Tulip poplar
State fish: Kentucky spotted bass
State Seal (Coat of arms)
Governor: Steve Beshear (Democrat)
Current Kentucky time
Highest point: Black Mountain